Uniforms & Equipment

The following are  the uniform and equipment guidelines for all new recruits/first timers.  The new recruit/first timer should be willing to spend between $900.00 to $1,500.00 to complete their impression, within a 1 year time frame.  Some of these items are easily available while others are not; there are many suppliers who produce and sell quality products, so here are a few:   At The Front, Hessen Antiques, Reddick Militaria and 1944 Militaria.  Unfortunately, there are also some that should be avoided. If you have questions, please ask the Division Commander or a member of the Command Staff! 

We take authenticity very seriously and will help in any way we can to make sure that this goal is achieved. 

Once a Recruit has been accepted by the 167 Volksgrenadier Division, they are assigned to Grenadier-Ersatz-Bataillon 468  and have 1 year to acquire all of the equipment listed below, for their Heer or Luftwaffe impression:  

Uniform Regulations for 1k of Grenadier Regiment 331.

167. Infanterie-Division Tactical Symbol
Created with oQey Gallery

 

The goal of 1k of Grenadier Regt. 331 is to be the most authentic portrayal of the German infantry soldier from mid 1943 through the end of the war.

Tunics (Feldblusen): Reproduction wool Feldbluse M36, M40, M42, M44 or HBT(Herringbone twill) M42 or M43 tunic with correct Heer insignia.

22 years old or younger: M40,41,42,43 or 44. (purchase guidelines)

23 years old or older: M36,40,41,42,43 or 44. (purchase guidelines)

No HBT tunics with green collars.

Trousers (Hosen): Reproduction wool M36, M40 or M43 in stone gray or field gray.  HBT(Herringbone twill) M36, M40 or M43 in fieldgray.  Stone gray wool trousers are used with M36 tunics, for walking out dress, only.

Undershirt (Unterhemd): Reproduction service shirt with or without collar in the correct color and material.

Peaked & Field Caps (Schirmmutze und Feldmutze): Reproduction peaked caps for NCO and EM, will have white piping.  M34 side cap should have white soutache or no soutache.  M43 has no piping or soutache.  No splinter or camo M43 caps.

Uniform Regulations for 1k of Luftwaffe Jager Regiment 33.

17. Luftwaffe Feld-Division tactical symbol.
Created with oQey Gallery

 

The goal of Luftwaffe Jager Regiment 33 is to be the most authentic portrayal of the German 17th. Luftwaffe Field Division soldier from mid 1943 through the end of the war.

Tunics (Feldblusen): Reproduction wool Fliegerbluse, Tuchrock or Luftwaffe HBT(Herringbone twill)  M42 or M43 tunic with correct Luftwaffe insignia.

No HBT tunics with green collars. 

Trousers (Hosen): Reproduction wool or M43 in blue gray or field gray.  HBT(Herringbone twill) in field gray.

Undershirt (Unterhemd): Reproduction service shirt with or without collar in the correct color and material.

Peaked & Field Caps (Schirmmutze, Fliegermutze und Feldmutze): Reproduction peaked caps for NCO and EM, should have green piping.  Fliegermutze has no soutache or piping.  M43 has no piping or soutache.  No splinter or camo M43 caps.

 

Required Gear for both impressions:

Suspenders (Hosenträger): Reproduction or original suspenders with rope or leather ends.

Boots (Stiefel): Correct reproduction M42 low boots(highly recommended) or M39  jack boots.  Hob nails are required on all boot, except for personal assigned to a vehicle.

Gaiters (Gamaschen): Reproduction or original gamaschen in blue canvas, for Luftwaffe impression or grey/green canvas, for Heer impression.  These are required for low boots only.

Helmet (Stahlhelm): Original or quality reproduction M35(double decals), M40(double or single decals) or M42(single or no decal).  Properly camouflaged helmets are also acceptable. Spanish helmets are not allowed.

Identification disc. (Erkennungsmarken): Reproduction ID disc. with: blood group, identification number and Regimental or Ersatz Batallion designation.

Papers (Soldbuch): Reproduction Heer or Luftwaffe soldbuch with photograph and personal information to be filled in by the Division Commander.

Y-straps (Y Riemen): Reproduction y-straps in black or brown leather or tropical webbing with correct WW2 hardware.

Belt (Koppel): Reproduction brown or black leather belt with rough side out and correct WW2 style keeper.

Buckle (Koppelschloß): Reproduction or original  Heer or Luftwaffe belt buckle.

Ammunition pouches (Patronnentaschen): Reproduction or original ammunition pouches, for weapon carried in black or brown leather or canvas, for MP40 or G43.

Bayonet (Seitengewehr): Reproduction or original WW2 German bayonet (wood  or bakelite handle) and scabbard.

Frog (Seitengewehrträger): Reproduction in brown or black leather or tropical webbing.  In either mounted or dismounted version.

Bread bag (Brotbeutel): Reproduction or original M31, M44 or identical post-war breadbag in blue canvas, for Luftwaffe or grey/green canvas, for Heer, with correct three-hole buttons.

Canteen (Feldflasche): Reproduction or original German with correct cup and wool field grey cover.

Mess kit (Kochgeschirr): Reproduction or original WW2 mess kit strongly preferred. Post-war mess kits are nearly identical, but you must remove the center section before use.

Mess kit strap (Kochgeschirr Riemen): Reproduction or original in black or brown leather or tropical webbing utility strap, is required on all mess kits.

Eating utensils (Essbesteck): Reproduction or original eating folding utensils strongly preferred, but East German officer style utensils are allowed.

Gas mask canister (Gasmaskentragebuchse): Reproduction or original canister strongly preferred. No Spanish gas cans,  unless it has been converted to spring clasp.  Rubber or canvas gas masks are optional.

Entrenching tool (Spaten or Klappspaten): Reproduction, folding shovel or traditional spade style; originals or Swiss e-tool with rounded wood handle.

Entrenching tool carrier (Spatenträger or Klappspatenträger): Reproduction carriers must be in leather or “presstoff” resin-impregnated cardboard or artificial leather, for the model shovel you have.  Original carriers may be used, but are not recommended.

Shelter quarter (Zeltbahn): Reproduction or original zeltbahn in splinter-A.

Mod 98k – (Karabiner98): German 98k with correct: metal cup butt plate, cleaning rod, leather sling and turned down bolt.   It is recommended that all new members start with a 98k.

There will be no more than 1 captured weapon per Gruppe and must be

approved by the Division Commander and Command staff before carrying it into the field. 

1.)  Approved weapons:

a ) CZ 24

b) VZ 24

c) Berretta 38a or Berretta 38/42(same as SMG rquirements)

d) Polish Wz 29 Rifle

e) Others maybe allowed, but must be approved by the Division Commander and Command Staff.

2.)  NO: M1 Garands, Enfields, M1 Carbines, Thompsons etc. are                                                  allowed.

Grenadier-Ersatz-Bataillon 468 is the training bataillon, for the 167 Volksgrenadier Division. This where all new recruits/first timers receive training, acquires: uniforms, equipment, Soldbuchs and ID disc:  Most re-enactors are civilians who have never served in the military.   For that reason, there are some fundamental things, common to almost all militaries, to which they have never been introduced.  Indeed, one of the largest tasks faced in basic training is to take civilian habits out of the potential soldier.    One of those things constantly reinforced in basic military training is the proper wearing of the uniform and personal appearance.  The 167th. Volksgrenadier Division  cares how the new recruit looks and exercises considerable effort to ensure that the new recruite meet established standards.   One of the measurements of a good unit, is how its soldiers look, especially when they are not under close supervision.  What follows are some practical tips and observations,  which will help the new recruit better project the image of a solid, well-trained, and motivated soldier.

 

Guidelines for Inspections By Hans Rödel
From “Hilfsbuch für den Hauptfeldwebel”, 1942
Translated by Nadine Wichmann and Chris Pittman

Translators’ Note: This is a copy of the original Wehrmacht guidelines describing how German soldiers should appear for inspection by their superiors. This document details the regulations concerning how uniforms and equipment were to be carried and worn. Although the book was published in 1942, some of the information in the article likely dates from the pre-war period. Presumably this article was intended for recruits in training.

inspection1

Spiess inspecting men

Guide for Inspection

Appearance: Clean hands and fingernails, freshly shaved,short haircut, without rings on fingers, without watches.

Underclothes: For each inspection, fresh, mended service underwear. Buttons on the shirt, underpants and service undershirt fully present and buttoned. Suspender loops sewn on to the underpants. Lace in the back of the underwear pulled in, lower part of the under jacket in the underpants, clean, well-darned socks.

Cloth trousers: Well ironed, buttons fully present and buttoned (also on the pockets), hosenriegel [?] closed, complete, clean suspenders with the loops pulled through the underwear loops. Contents of the pockets: Clean handkerchief, knife, thread, matches, small wallet.

Field blouse: Collar hooked, sleeve buttoned, shoulder strap buttons with Kompanie numbers should not be twisted. Internal suspenders must be pulled through according to regulations. Belt hooks on both sides must be pulled through the exact hole so that the belt sits between the two bottom buttons. Contents of the pockets: Truppenausweis in the left breast pocket, shooting book, range finding book in the left side pocket.

Lace up boots: Foot smooth and oiled, shaft cleaned. Laces blackened, pulled through to the outside and tucked in. Laces not laced crossed over. 

Belt: Outer surface of the belt and belt buckle blackened. Uniform, lightly crowned belt buckles. Ammunition pouches on the belt. The ends of the straps on the pouches tucked away. Ammunition in the left foremost pouch compartment, all other compartments filled with wood blocks.
Order of equipment on the belt, from left to right: Ammunition pouch or binoculars (binoculars strap under the gas mask strap), belt hook, right bread bag loop, helmet carrier, right Zeltbahn strap, bread bag hook, belt hook, left bread bag strap, gas mask strap hook, left bread bag loop, right loop of the shovel carrier, belt hook, bayonet, left loop of the shovel carrier (with the wire cutters pouch, the left loop comes before the bayonet), ammunition pouch, and if applicable, the map case under the ammunition pouch. The strap of the shovel carrier should be crossed over the bayonet. The shovel should not protrude too far from the carrier.

Bread bag: Full canteen on the right side, canteen cup handle toward the body, mess tin on the left side, the loop of the strap on the middle of the mess tin lid, the prong of the strap buckle toward the body.
Bread bag contents: Field hat, rifle cleaning kit, red helmet band, per squad one shoe brush and a cleaning rag.

Gas mask: Carrying strap pulled over the right shoulder so that the mask no longer hits against the mess tin, the strap not too tight. The carrying strap fastened so that the end of the strap and the smooth part of the button point to the middle of the mask. Nametag in the lid, fresh replacement lenses.

Zeltbahn: Width of the rolled Zeltbahn approx. 25 cm. The straps are pulled towards the body as closely as possible, the prong of the buckle towards the body. The Zeltbahn fastened to the belt (see above).

Stahlhelm: front visor even with the eyebrows, interior clean, strap well tucked away, loop of the strap generally to the left, with people who shoot left handed, to the right.

Rifle and bayonet: Well cleaned, lightly oiled, Unfleiss [?] well spread, shaft well cared for.

Exercise [dummy] bullets: Cleaned and lightly oiled.

Troddel: white troddel, bound long over short.

Sport outfit: Training pants over the lower part of the training jacket.

Shooting books: The cover of the shooting books and the range finding book are covered in blue paper. On the front of each a cut-off name tag is to be glued on. Shooting books to be carried in the left side pocket of the field blouse.

Truppenausweis [troop identification]: With cover, in the left breast pocket of the field blouse. In the cover are found no other papers.

Shooting glasses: To be carried in the right trouser pocket and brought to shooting service and battle observation.

Brustbeutel [small purse worn around the neck]: With name tag, hung at the throat, to be worn over the shirt.

All clothing and equipment items to be inspected must be extremely clean and in a condition suitable for roll call. The cleaning of the leather gear is of great importance. As ordered by the Kompanie, nametags and stamps are to be found in all clothing and equipment items in the prescribed locations (see the hanging by the blackboard). Nametags in poor condition must be renewed.

Guide for Pre-Inspection

After the Kompanie is assembled the first time, the Hauptfeldwebel, Zugfuehrer and other older Unteroffiziere are to look in the following order:

1. Distribution on the belt.

2. Ammunition pouches in the loops, ends tucked away. Gas mask strap not twisted.

3. Bayonet properly put away, not too greasy, Troddel bound according to regulations.

4. Position of the helmet, foot placement, loops on low boots tucked away.

5. By the clothing Unteroffizier: Wrinkles smoothed out, collar bind position, belt position.

6. By Hauptfeldwebel: Collar done, all buttons buttoned, look over the entire uniform once again.

I. Headgear is always worn outdoors.

One of the hardest things to teach a new recruit is remembering to put on his cap when going outdoors.   When you leave your tent at a re-enactment, be sure you have the proper headgear, that it is properly worn, and that it is removed indoors (except when under arms;  soldiers on official business who are armed do not uncover upon entering a building.)

II. Items are worn, never carried.  If worn, they are worn properly.

Soldiers don’t carry overcoats, raincoats, etc., over their arm; the item is either worn or left behind.  Nothing is less military looking than someone walking around with their shirt unbuttoned, or the cuffs flapping about, because they failed to ensure that they were buttoned.   A good soldiers detest casual sloppiness; buttons are meant to be buttoned, and when they are not, it offends the good soldier’s sense of discipline and order.

III. Complete uniforms are always worn.  

This is related to the above, but not the same thing.  Everything can be worn correctly, and the uniform still not be complete.  While most re-enactors get the field uniform correct, few get the German soldiers’ other forms of dress correct.  The off duty or “Walking out” uniform, would consist of low shoes and the Schirmmütze were often worn, as well as the minimum side arm the bayonet, but only in relatively secure areas, otherwise, the duty uniform was worn.  The off duty or “Walking out” uniform is entirely appropriate for wear in the encampment area during non-battle times at re-enactments.

IV. Soldiers generally shave once a day.

Good soldiers do not appear unshaven.  Units ensure that soldiers maintain cleanliness at all times as a matter of preserving health; part of that routine is a daily shave.   While no one would have expected the soldier to shave while bullets were flying, but part of the “after action” cleanup would have been a return to normal grooming standards.

V. Usage of Camouflage uniform components.

We limit the use of Camouflage uniform components as follows: helmet covers(not required gear) to 25%(chicken wire, bread bag straps and rubber bands for holding brush are excellent substitutes for helmet covers and are not limited, for use at any event), smocks(not required gear) to 10%  for Heer impressions and 50% for Field Division impressions any event. Only exception to these guidelines are, for Sniper impressions; they may wear: Camouflage helmet cover, Camouflage smock and Camouflage pants.  We do not allow mixing different Camouflage patterns.  For those wishing to wear Camouflage beyond these guidelines, we suggest wearing your Zeltbahn(required gear), it was the most commonly issued form of Camouflage in the Wehrmacht. Winter camouflage reversible to white uniform components are allowed in winter campaign events only.

VI. Non matching uniform and equipment components.

It is perfectly acceptable and preferred to have non-matching uniform and equipment components, as this is a mid to late war Division.   Tunics and pants maybe of different colors of field grey or different materials.  Mixing of tropical (web) and continental (leather) gear is also acceptable, for both impressions.  Field Division impressions may use a combination of both black and brown leather components, as well as, web gear.

 

Join Up:

If you are already a member of  another reenacting group and are looking to make a change, great!    We also have specialty impressions, within both them, it’s all up to you.

Contact the Division Commander, for more information or join and he will help you get uniformed and equipped to the Division’s standards.


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